In the An-Nisaa, Surah 4:157, the Quran says that they said (in boast), We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messanger of Allah” – but they killed him not, nor crucified him. Only a likeness of that was shown them. And those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge. But only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not.” This is to say that Islam does not believe in the crucifixion and sacrificial death of Jesus Christ.
The two doctrines most opposed by fallen man are Incarnation and Expiation. It is no surprise that Mohammad in Surah 4:157 attacked the doctrine of Expiation as he has attacked the doctrine of Incarnation Surah 4:175; 9:30, 31; 18:111; 19:35; 89-91 in the Quran. In Surah 4:157, the Quran states that the death of Jesus was staged and that He was not actually crucified. This is a very serious matter and a lie. I will endevour to use this medium to explain that Jesus Christ was crucified for the sin of man as prophesied by many prophets of God. The doctrines of Incarnation and Expiation show the marvelous, inconceivable, infinite love of God to poor sinful humanity.
Surah (Al-Israa) of the Quran says “Invite all to the way of the Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious; for thy Lord knows best, who have strayed from His path, and who receive guidance”.
The doctrine of the death of Christ is a pillar to the Christian faith because if Christ have not died and resurrected, the hope of salvation of the world will be in vain.
The doctrine of substitution is the great doctrine espoused by Peter, Paul, James, and Phillip in the book of the Acts of Apostles in the New Testament of the Bible. “There is not a ray of hope for man outside of substitution”, said D.L. Moody.
The supreme work of the Lord Jesus here on earth is to die for sinners who will come to believe in Him. The penalty for sin is death (Roman 6:23). Jesus came to die in our place. He came to die for us that our sins may be forgiven by a Rigteous and Just God who we have sinned against. “I have come that they (unbelievers) may have life, and that they may have it more abundantly”. (John 10:10), “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd gives His life for the sheep.” (John 10:11), “But he who sins against Me wrongs his own soul; and all those who hate me love death”. (Prob. 8:36). “For since by man (Adam) came death, by Man (Jesus) also came the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive”. (I Cor. 15:21, 22). “He was led as a sheep to the slaughter;…… For His life is taken from the earth”. (Acts 8:32, 33 cf Isaiah 53:7,8).
Jesus came to die. He has to die His purpose could be gained in no other way.
Sin involves the death penalty. Since we have all sinned and fall short of the mark of God, we all deserve to die. We either pay the penalty ourselves which is eternal separation from God in hell fire or we find a substitute who can bear our sins on our behalf and face the death penalty. We find this substitute in our sin bearer which is Jesus Christ the Son of God who loves us.
The atonement is the heart of Christianity. Atonement settles the sin question.
The Doctrine of His Death.
- Christ’s death fortold by God.
- “He was cut off out of the land of the living”. (Isaiah 53:8)
- “After threescore and two weeks shall the Messiah be cut off, but not for Himself”. (Dan 9:26)
- “Smite the Shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered.” (Zech. 13:7)
- Christ’s death was appointed by God
- “The Lord hath laid on Him the iniquity of us all”. (Isaiah 53:6)
- “Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise Him; He hath put Him to grief: when thou shall make His soul an offering for sin…..” (Isaiah 53:10)
- “Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, you have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain.” (Acts 2:23).
- The meaning of Christ’s death.
- Is the effect of Jesus sufferings and death in redeeming mankind and bringing about the reconciliation of God to man. The word atonement was used 77 times in the scriptures, and means a covering for sin. It is used only once in the New Testaments. “And not only that, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the atonement”. (Romans 5:11).
- Is to cause to become favourably inclined; win or regain the goodwill of; to appease or conciliate. Jesus because of His sacrificial death has pleased God and has caused Him to be favourably inclined and has gained the goodwill of God to sinner who will come to Him. Propitiation carries the thought of a mercy seat and a merciful God. “And He is the propitiation for our sins.” (I John 2:2).
- This is the idea of one taking the place of another. The innocent takes the punishment for the guilty. “The good shepherd giveth His life for the sheep”. (John 10:11). The Son of God became the Son of man so that the sons of men may become the children of God.
- Is to buy back. It is to get back; recover as by paying a fee. The sinner in bondage of sin, Satan and death is brought back by God through the sacrificial death of His Son, our kinsman redeemer with a certain purchase price. “You were not redeemed with corruptible things as silver or gold….. But with the precious Blood of Christ.” (I Peter 1:18, 19).
- Is to make friendly again or win over to a friendly attitude. God and man were enemies and have been separated but have now been made friends by the sacrificial death of His Son. “For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of His Son…..” (Rom. 5:10). Jesus Christ’s death on Calvary reconciled God to man.
- Is the price paid for the release of a prisoner (the one kidnapped by sin). “The Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give His life a ransom for many.” (Matt. 20:28) “Where they crucified Him, and two others with Him, one on either side, and Jesus in the center”. (John 19:18)
- The mode of Christ’s death
- Christ died by crucifixtion (Matt. 27:35; Mk. 15:24; Luke 23:33). It is significant that He was not assassinated, stoned to death, die natural death or accidental death but judicial death. He died that is why he was buried.
- Christ’s death was prefigured to be on a pole. He was lifted up on a pole like the brass serpent in Num. 21:8; John 3:14.
- Christ’s death was an ignominious (shameful) death “Looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith, who for the joy that was set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.” (Heb. 12:2).
- Christ’s death was an accursed death. “Christ had redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, cursed is everyone that hang on a tree.” (Gal. 3:13 cf Deut. 21:23).
- Christ’s death was voluntary. Christ volunteered to die for us. He was not forced to do it. “No man taketh it (My life) from Me, but I lay it down of Myself”. (John 10:18).
- The reason for His death
Jesus took our sins and guilt upon Himself and died to satisfy the just nature of a Holy God in heaven. Sin demanded a payment – the death penalty. Only Christ could pay it in full. All the attributes of God must be in harmony to make salvation possible. In the death of Jesus at Calvary, all the attributes of God found a perfect solution.
- The result of Christ’s death.
Salvation is won by Christ to all mankind that accept Him as a substitute..
“…. Who is the Savior of all men, specially of those that believe.”
“For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.” (Jn. 3:16)
In conclusion people who read the Quran or those who profess Islam should not only read, study or memorize the Quran but also endevour to investigate and ask questions from those who understand the Bible. After all Christ came first and not Mohammad and the Bible have been in existence for more than six hundred years before the Quran or Mohammad the prophet of the Islamic faith.
Those in Islam should also remember Surah 10:94 which states “If thou wert in doubt as to what we have revealed unto thee, then ask those who have been reading the Book (the Bible) from before thee: the Truth hath indeed come to thee from thy Lord: so be in no wise of those in doubt”.
The death of Jesus Christ is sufficient for every sinner. He died for the sins of the whole world. He died for your sins irrespective of your race, colour, language, statute, and condition and in particular He died for MY sins.
Moslems or others who are ready to give up their lives to Jesus are welcomed and there is forgiveness and salvation for them too. I personally invite you Muslims to come to Jesus for He loves you and wants to save you too. Jesus and Christians are not your enemies.
Thank you Lord. To God be the glory for the great things He had done for us especially for Jesus Our Lord, Master and Savior.