Sin is a very serious matter and it is taken seriously by God. Although men make light of it, Sin is an attack on the great lawgiver (God) Himself.

Sin is insanity or madness. It is in reality a perversion of some good principles. Sin was first mentioned in the Bible in Genesis 4:7, where God warned Cain that sin is lurking at the door of his heart and that he should deal with it or else the sin will destroy him.

Another or second mention of sin was in Genesis 18:20 which relates to the sins of the cities of the plain which includes Sodom and Gomorrah. Many other hundreds of sins were mentioned in the scripture but the final one was in Revelation 18:5, where it brings down the full fierce anger of an angry God upon the political and economical systems of this world and on the universe and all creations.

Sin is terrible and evil and since it manifested itself first in heaven and then in our world, God has not been able to rest, slumber or sleep. Immediately after God’s rest on the seventh day, God began the work of redemption of mankind and all creation from sin. Sin is the basic reason for the incarnation of God’s Son Jesus Christ to deal with the thing called Sin.

Definition and Meaning of Sin.

Dictionary definition of sin is that sin is the breaking of religious law or a moral principle, especially through a willful act. The dictionary calls it transgression, evil, a violation of an acceptable moral, religious or social code.

Allowing the Bible to define it’s own word gives us that:

“Sin is any lack of conformity to the character of God whether in act or state”. “Sin is an hopelessly incurable disease of the soul”. “Sin is characteristic of the old nature, the flesh and sin finds expression daily”.

I John 3:4 “… for sin is the transgression of the law”. Sin is hamartema – “to miss a mark” (Rom. 3:23). Sin is parabasis – “to overstep a forbidden line”. According to this definition, sin occurs when man deliberately (or accidentally) steps over the line of the law of God. Read I Jn. 3:4; Acts 1:25; James 2:11.

Eight characters of Sin

  1. Sin is an act; the breaking of a law or commandment is a sin.
  2. Sin is a state; the fallen state of man without righteousness.
  3. Sin is a nature; the nature of fallen man at enmity against God.
  4. Sin cannot be hidden. Sin and the sinner will be discovered (Num. 32:23; Prov. 28:13)
  5. Sin is not eternal. It has a beginning and one day an ending.
  6. Sin is not the absence of good. It is real and positive.
  7. Sin is not a weakness or frailty of man.
  8. Sin has no standard of its own. It is a pervasion of some good principle.

Consequences of Sin On Man.

Sin brought separation (Rom. 6:23) between man and his God in the form of:

  1. Physical death which is the separation of man’s body and soul (Gen. 5:5; Ps. 90:10; Jn. 19:30). Also read Rom. 5:12-21; I Cor. 15:12-23.
  2. Spiritual death: Because of sin, all unsaved people are separated from God as long as they remain unrepented and will someday be forever separated from God in the lake of fire. This is referred to as the second death (Matt. 7:23; 25:41; Rev. 2:11; 20:6, 14; 21:8).
  3. Eternal death. This is the culmination and completion of spiritual death. Here the full weight of the wrath of God descended on the condemned unsaved. They are separated forever from God. The Bible says the smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever. (Rev. 14:11). The unsaved shall be condemned to eternal fire in hell (Jude 7, Matt. 25:41, Rev. 20:14).
  4. The suffering of life. The suffering of life, which are the result of entrance of sin into the world, are also included in the penalty of sin. Sin brought disturbance in the entire life of man. Weaknesses and diseases result in discomforts, sufferings and often in agonizing pains; and his mental life became subject to stress, disturbances and destruction of mental equilibrium. His very soul is also affected in form of conflicting thoughts, passions, and desires. As a result of sin the true harmony of life is destroyed, and makes way for the curses of the divided life. Man is in a state of dissolution, which often carries with it the most poignant sufferings. And not only that, but with and on account of man the whole creation was made subject to vanity and to the bondage of corruption. Other sufferings may include loss of light (I Jn. 1:6), joy (Ps. 51:12; Jn. 15:11; Gal. 5:22; I Jn. 1:4), peace (I Jn. 3:4-10), love (I Jn. 2:5, 15-17; 4:12), fellowship (I Jn 1:3, 6, 7), and confidence (I Jn. 3:19-22) and blessings.
  5. Others include lost to God (Luke 15:24), condemnation (Jn. 3:18), guilt (Gen. 26:10), perdition (I Tim. 6:9), punishment (Matt. 25:46).

Origin of Sin

Sin was introduced into the universe by a powerful angel of God called Lucifer who in a crazy attempt to dethrone the rightful king, Jehovah God, led a wicked revolt. While this revolt proved abortive, it resulted in the introduction of sin into the univers. (Ezekiel 28:11-19; Isaiah 14:12-15; Luke 10:18; I Jn. 3:8; Revelation 12:3,4).

While an angel introduced sin into the universe, it was a man who invited it into the world. In the Book of Romans 5:12, we read “wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned.” Other testimonies of sins from the scriptures are: I Kings 8:46; Prov. 20:9; Jer. 17:9; Eccl. 7:20; Isaiah 53:6; Isaiah 64:6; Gal. 3:22; James 3:2; I Jn. 1:8; I Jn. 1:10.

The Kinds of Sins.

Sin is sin. All sins unconfessed, unrepented, unforgiven lead to damnation in hell. The Bible teaches in a general sense that to be guilty of one sin is to be guilty of all sins. (James 2:10).

There are many categories of sins which include:

  1. Sins of ignorance. Ignore means to have no knowledge of the laws of God or to deliberately disregard God’s laws. It means to pay no attention to these laws and regulations of God or to refuse to consider or obey them.

In I Timothy 1:12,13. Apostle Paul said “And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath enabled me, for that He counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry, who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, injurious; but I obtained mercy because I did it ignorantly in unbelieve.”


  1. Sins of infirmity. Infirmity is a physical weakness, not strong or defect, frailty or ailment, as of old age. It is a moral weakness, not firm in mind or purpose, not resolute, vacillating, not stable or sound, shaky and not secure.

For examples of sins of infirmity see Psalm 19:12; Psalm 103:10,14; Romans 8:26; Romans 14:23; Romans 15:1 and Matthew 26:41.

  1. Sins of carelessness. Careless denotes not paying enough attention, not thinking before one acts or speaks, neglectful, heedless and inconsiderate.

See Psalm 39:1; Deut. 11:16; I Cor. 8:9; I Cor. 10:12; and Hebrew 2:1 for examples of sins of carelessness.

  1. Sins of presumption. Presume implies taking something for granted or accepting it as true, usually on the basis of probable evidence in its favour and the absence of proof to the contrary. It is the act of overstepping of proper bounds, forwardness or effrontery.

“Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins”. (Psalm 19:13).

“Them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous are they, self-willed” (2 Pet. 2:10).

“Who knowing the judgement of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them”. (Rom. 1:32).

  1. Unperdonable or unforgivable sin. Several passages in the Bible speak of a sin that cannot be forgiven, after which a change of heart is impossible, and for which it is not necessary to pray. It is generally known as the sin or blasphemy against the Holy Spirit. Lord Jesus speaks of it explicitly in Matthew 12:31,32 and parallel passages such as Heb. 6:4-6; 10:26,27 and John 5:16.

“Wherefore I say unto you, all manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but blasphemy against the Holy Spirit shall not be forgiven unto men. …. Neither in this world, nor in the world to come.” (Matt. 12:31, 32).

  1. The Sin unto Death.

“For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep”. (I Cor. 11:30) “There is a sin unto death” (I Jn. 5:16)


The common accepted view is that the sin can only be committed by a child of God, and happens when the believer lives such a wretched life that the father finally reaches down and takes him home to heaven earlier than he normally would have.

Other manifestation of sin includes:

  1. Transgression, which is the overstepping of the law. “Blot out my transgression.” (Psa. 51:1)
  2. Iniquity, which is an act inherently wrong or forbidden, as breaking a commandment.
  3. Error, that is the departure from what is right “….. and blot out all mine iniquities.” (Psa. 51:9)
  4. Missing the mark, which is a failure to meet the divine standard. See I John 5:17; Romans 3:23.
  5. This is the intrusion of the self-will into the sphere of God’s authority.
  6. Means not obeying the law, unruly; disorderly. This is spiritual anarchy, “… for the lawless and disobedient”. (I Tim. 1:9).
  7. It is a failure in duty, the sin of omission, the things that are left undone.
  8. Implies merely a lack of belief, as because of unsufficient evidence especially in matters of religion of faith. This is an insult to the divine veracity of God. “…evil heart of unbelief.” (Heb. 3:12).

The Metaphors of Sin:

  1. Sin is poisonous, like a viper (Ps. 140:3; Matt. 23:33)
  2. Sin is stubborn, like a mule (Job 11:12)
  3. Sin is cruel, like a bear (Dan. 7:5)
  4. Sin is destructive, like a cankerworm (Joel 2:25)
  5. Sin is unclean, like a wild dog (Prov. 26:11)
  6. Sin is cunning, like a fox (Luke 13:32)
  7. Sin is fierce, like a wolf (Jn 10:12)
  8. Sin devours, like a lion (Ps. 22:13; Dan. 7:4)
  9. Sin is filthy, like a swine (2 Pet. 2:22).

The Remedy for Sin

The two most important words for the forgiveness of all trespasses or sins are Believe and Confess. The only name named under heaven through which we can receive forgiveness is Jesus Christ. The “S” in Jesus stands for Salvation.

No man can cleanse himself from sin. “If I wash myself with snow water, and make my hands never so clean; yet shall thou plunge me in the ditch” (Job 9:30,31)

“For thou wash thee with nitre (soap), and take thee much soap, yet thine iniquity is marked before Mr, said the Lord God” (Jeremiah 2:22).

No religion or church or mosques can save anyone from sin’s condemnation. Christ in His atonement and resurrections is the only remedy for sin. Anyone who wants salvation must find Christ and develop a personal relationship with Him. “Behold the Lamb of God, which takes away the sin of the world”. (Jn. 1:29).

“And you know that He was manifested to take away our sins; and in Him is no sin”. (I Jn. 3:5). The sinner seeking salvation must BELIEVE in Jesus Christ and must be willing to CONFESS his sins to God. “If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness”. (I Jn. 1:9)

The remedy for sin is forgiveness through the Blood of Christ. “In whom we have redemption through His Blood, the forgivenss of sins”.

“…, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin”. (I Jn. 1:7).

The Prevention against Sin

  1. The word of God. Read Ps. 119:11; Jn. 15:7; 17:17; 2Tim. 3:16, 16. Reading and believing the Bible will keep one from sinning.
  2. The intercession of Jesus, the Son of God will help prevent sinning. Read Luke 22:32; Jn. 17:15; Rom. 8:34 Hebrew 7:23-25.
  3. The ministry of the Holy Spirit. “This is the word of the LORD to you: not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit, says the LORD of hosts”. (Zech 4:6) Also see John 7:37-39.

The Christian faithful will ultimately have final victory over sin. The Bible says “For He must reign, till He has put all enemies under His feet. The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.” (I Cor. 15:25, 26). “Death is swallowed up in victory”. (I Cor. 15:54).

I have treated sin first because sin comes before salvation and because God’s grace of salvation is mightier than sin – all the sins of the world.

Do you know that the three most difficult words in the entire universe are “I was wrong” and that the three most delightful words are “Jesus Save Me.”


Lord Jesus Christ is the surety (Heb. 7:22) for the elected sinners, the sinners whom His Father has given to Him as gifts or present. These are the sinners whom Jesus have come to save. These are His people (Luke 1:68; 2:29-32).

A surety is one who engages to become responsible for it that the legal obligations of another will be met. In the covenant of redemption Christ undertook to atone for sins of His people by bearing the necessary punishment, and to meet the demands of the law for them. And by taking the place of delinquent man He became the last Adam, and is as such also the Head of the covenant of redemption, the, Christ is both surety and Head. He took upon Himself the responsibilities of His people. He is also their surety in the covenant of grace, which develops out of the covenant of redemption. And what Jesus our kinsman has done as the Representative and Surety of all His people, they are no more duty bound to do. Christ people are eternally saved and no longer under condemnation because Christ has paid the penalty for their sins. God is a just God and for Him to punish elected sinners for whom Christ have paid for their sins will make Him unjust and in violation of the law of double jeopardy. The work has been done, the reward is merited, and Christ believers are made partakers of the fruits of Christ’s accomplished work through grace. No unbeliever in Christ can share in these fruits. Christ has died as me not only for me. (I Pet 3:18).

The covenant of redemption may be defined as the agreement between the Father, giving the son as Head and Redeemer of the elect, and the Son, voluntarily taking the place of those whom the Father had given Him.

The Meaning of Salvation:

The dictionary defines salvation as spiritual rescue from the consequences of sin and calls it redemption.

Salvation means to effect successfully the full delivery of someone or something from impending danger.

Romans 2:23, “For there is no difference: for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,…” We have all gone astray and lost. We are lost because we:

  1. Reject biblical revelation (Ps. 19:1; Acts 14:17; Rom. 1:19,20)
  2. Disobey our own conscience (Rom. 2:14-16)
  3. Love the world and the things of the world (Eph. 2:2; James 4:4; I Jn. 2:15-17)
  4. Trust Satan more than God (Matt. 4:8; Jn. 8:42-44; 12:31; 2 Cor. 4:4; Col. 1:13; I Jn. 3:10; 5:19).
  5. Love sin (Gen. 2:17; 8:21; Job 14:4; Eccl. 7:20; Jer. 17:19; Mk. 7:20-23; Rom. 5:12; 7:14; Eph. 4:18)
  6. Separated from God (Jn. 3:36; Eph. 2:12; I Jn. 5:12; Jude 19).
  7. Hate the truth and love falsehood. (2 Pet. 2)

Here lies the danger, “For the time has come for judgement to begin at the house of God; and if it begins with us first, what will be the end of those who do not obey the gospel of God? Now “If the righteous one is scarcely saved, where will the ungodly and sinner appear?” (I Peter 4:17-18). Again the scripture says “But the heavens and earth which are now preserved by the same word, are reserved for fire until the day of judgement and perdition of ungodly men”. (2 Pet. 3:7).

We must seek salvation from:

  1. Sin
  2. Curses
  3. Physical death
  4. Spiritual death
  5. Eternal death
  6. Lake of fire (Rev. 14:10, 11;, 19:20; 20:11-15)
  7. Sufferings of life
  8. Evil and false doctrines
  9. The wickedness of Satan and his hosts of fallen angels and demons
  10. Being lost to God forever
  11. Living in hell forever or perdition
  12. Condemnation by God
  13. Judgement of God (Rev. 9:3,4; 9:7-10; Rev. 6:8)
  14. Eternal punishment
  15. The wrath or fierce anger of God.

There is only one person named under heaven who could save sinners (Acts 4:12). His name is Jesus. He is able to save because He has the desire and the ability to save sinners. Jesus is also willing to save the sinner. Jesus has the desire and made Himself available for the job. (Heb. 2:18; Eph. 3:20; 2Tim. 1:12; Heb. 7:25; Jude 24; Matt. 8:2,3; I Tim 2:3, 4; 2 Pet. 3:9). He is also related to us by kinship.

There are many people who put their hope of salvation in other things except Jesus. I personally believed by God’s words that their hope of salvation is false and therefore they cannot be saved. Examples of things that represent false hope of salvation includes:

  1. God without Jesus. God is not the author of confusion or disorganization. You cannot believe in God while excluding or disbelieving Jesus. Jesus has always been Eternal God. From everlasting to everlasting Jesus is God.
  2. Mary the mother of Jesus. There is no other name under heaven through which we can be saved but the name of Jesus. (Acts 4:12)
  3. Saints of the past or present
  4. Satan
  5. Demons
  6. Education (I Tim. 6:20; w Tim. 3:7)
  7. Wealth
  8. Church membership
  9. Good works (Eph. 2:8,9)
  10. Baptism (I Cor. 1:17)
  11. Keeping the law (Gal. 2:16)
  12. Confirmation
  13. Living by the Golden Rule
  14. Sincerity/Humanity
  15. Lodge membership/Fraternity/Confraternity
  16. Tithing
  17. Secular organizations (Ps. 2; Rev. 18)
  18. Religious organizations (Rev. 17)
  19. Idols
  20. Ancestors
  21. Religion, etc
  22. Elect or Holy Angels.
  23. Ideology – evolution, scienthology, humanity, etc.

None of these false hope of salvation can save anyone. What is needed is a personal relationship with Christ. Believe in His blood sacrifice for you and accept the grace given through His work of salvation. Repent of your sins, confess them to the Lord and ask for forgiveness. Accept Jesus as your Lord and Savior. Live to please Him everyday and you have become a true Christian.

“The soul that sinneth it shall die” (Ezek. 18:4,20). This is what God said through Prophet Ezekiel and many others throughout the Bible. “For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.” (Rom. 2:13). No one can justify himself before God”.

Salvation is God’s carefully thought out plan for saving the people whom He has chosen to save. Salvation is a spiritual rescue from the consequences of sin. It is redemption of a lost soul.

God is all knowing. God knows yesterday, today and the future. Even before the foundation of the earth was laid God knew HE was going to create man and HE also knew man will disappoint HIM and will not obey His commandments. But God also knew that out of the vast number of people there will be some who will love HIM and who will try to obey His commandments. So God has selected for HIMSELF these few and they are God’s elected ones who will believe in Him and His Son Jesus and who will come to HIM for salvation.

The Psalmist King David through the inspiration of God wrote (Psalm 3:8), “Salvation belongeth unto the LORD: thy blessing is upon thy people.” Apostle Paul through inspiration wrote the Ephesians about salvation saying (Eph 2:8,9) “For by grace are ye saved through faith, and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God. Not of works, lest any man should boast”.

From these passages we learnt that salvation is a gift from God and it is free of charge to those whom God has chosen to save through the substitutionary death of His Son Jesus Christ. It is not the amount of work we have done, it is not our righteousness or anything whatsoever that we can do. It is a free gift of God to those who will come to HIM.

There are those who have put up argument against what was said above. They think by their own righteousness or goodness they can be saved. The Bible says (Psalm 14:2-3) that “The LORD looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, and seek God. They are all gone aside, they are all together become filthy: there is none that doeth good, no not one.” So, we cannot be saved by our goodness or by our own righteousness. We need a savior. Paul asked in (Hebrew 2:3), “how shall we escape if we neglect so great salvation?”

Through one man (Adam) sin came into the world (Rom. 5:12) and death as a result of the sin because the penalty for sin is death. (Rom 6:23) For the atonement and remission of sin blood has to be shed. (Lev. 17:11). In the olden days the Jews have to sacrifice an unblemished ram so that their sins may be forgiven. All these sacrifices were just shadows of things to come. These sacrifices of bull or ram or goat merely covers sins, Jesus blood blots them out completely.

Because of our sins, God has separated HIMSELF from us. For us to be drawn to God, a perfect sacrifice have to be made. God wants us to come to Him and the only way this can be accomplished was for God to sacrifice Jesus, His only begotten Son. It is not that God loves His son less but that they both love us dearly. The Bible says (John 3:16) “For God so loved the world, that HE gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life”.

God’s Son Jesus became “flesh and blood” (human) (Rev. 2:14) and was born of the Virgin Mary and of the Holy Spirit of God. He suffered greatly for our sins both in the hands of unbelievers and in the hands of God. He was crucified, and He died. He rose from death on the third day and has since been exalted back to His former post and sits on the right hand of God, the father, in the heavenly places.

This is the message of the gospels, the blood for the remission of sins have been shed on our behalf. Our duty is to repent of our sins, change our ways from bad to good, (righteous) and believe in Jesus Christ, the Messiah, and the Son of the Living God.

Jesus is the way, the truth, and the life. (Jn.14:6) No one comes to the Father except through Him. Jesus is the Light of the world. Jesus is the Word of God. Jesus is the Bread of life and the River of living water. He is the Good shepherd who laid down His life for His sheep. He was the sacrificial Lamb of God that died in our place. Jesus is wonderful, greatest Counselor, mighty God, Everlasting Father, and the Prince of Peace.

If you will want to be saved by Jesus, humble yourself before Him, confess your sins and believe that Jesus can save you. Continue in your new found life and beliefs.

I invite you to do so today because tomorrow might be late. Do not procrastinate. Jesus died for you and I because He loves us. There is enough grace and salvation for us all. Be reconciled with God and begin to enjoy the heavenly bliss God has provided.

Thanks to our heavenly Father, who has done it all for us. To God be the glory, honour, and our adoration always.



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  1. sweet jesus

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